Jul 2020 | It is important to identify the sample by date, cutting, forag… Plants in this group contain compounds that may irritate an animal's digestive tract, mouth or skin if consumed. Forage testing labs are not yet testing specifically for this sugar but it is possible to get an idea of the fructan content of your grass hay by subtracting the ESC value from the WSC value. Call the lab prior to taking the sample. We send samples for nutritional analysis to the United States of America because at this time no lab in the UK is carrying out appropriate analysis of sugar and starch for determining forage suitability for horses, particularly those with a metabolic state (good doer) which might mean that they are laminitis prone. The sugar keeps accumulating because the grass can’t use it up.” Testing Grass 6 acre field which is normally cut for mixed grass hay. But you cannot tell the sugar content by type of hay or a particular cutting of hay. In those cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. In general, when is the ... Shelby Filley | The new category for sugar content of hay/fresh grass is called ESC (ethanol soluble carbohydrate, also called Simple Sugars), referring to sugars and a partial amount of fructans. “Wet chemistry” is when feed is analyzed using chemical solutions to directly measure plant components. In these cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. The horse has been on the field since we had it cut and baled into hay this past summer. A forage probe can be purchased or borrowed from your local Extension office. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) I certainly wouldn’t aim to have freshly cut hay get rained on but if yours … The sample should be as representative of the composition of the hay bales as possible. Penetrate the bale of hay with a hay probe, also known as a hay corer. Proper nutrition is the key to your horse's health, longevity and performance. We have experts in family and health, community development, food and agriculture, coastal issues, forestry, programs for young people, and gardening. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Buy probes and meters to accurately test hay and grain moisture content to control mold and assess nutritional value. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. Regardless of the technique used, the sample should be representative of the entire lot. Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Testing hay and haylage is crucial for horses prone to laminitis as the only way to tell if the sugar and starch level … The website even walks you through how to properly take a sample. Policies When you test your hay or fresh grass today, you will not see this NSC listed any more due to recent changes in the way sugars are categorized. Some plants absorb excess nitrates or oxalates from the soil and store them in plant tissues. Sampling methods include: Rapid feeding and turnover of grains and supplements may reduce the value of analyses compared to analyzing larger batches fed over a longer period of time. For square bales, take one core from one end of each bale sampled. If grab samples are taken, be sure to obtain a representative sample. Many plants have characteristic that can cause injury to grazing animals. Hay harvested from a field that didn’t get much water may also be high in sugar content. Brix is a measurement of sugars in a plant. Push the sharp tip 12 to 18 inches into the bale at a 90-degree angle. The probe should have a diameter of 3/8 to 3/4 inch. Other analyses are nitrate nitrogen and trace mineral composition. A list of hay probe distributors is provided in our Forage Probe Listing. State & National Extension Partners, Equine Science News story. All rights reserved. There are two ways you can take hay samples: with a hay probe or by hand. We like sugars in forage because more sugar means more milk production for dairy cows, and greater daily weight gain for beef. As an international leader, our goal is to provide you with analytical services designed to meet the expanding demands of modern agriculture. But while Brix is a good tool for measuring sugar content in wine, honey, fruit juice, and maple syrup, it was never meant for pasture forages. You may also choose to purchase your own hay … Our mission is to provide the horse industry with quality forage and feed analyses. For round bales, take a sample from each side of the bale. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Just looking at a forage sample or knowing the species will not give you an estimate of sugar content. Shelby Filley | Formally located in Hamilton, FeedTest is now located in Werribee, Victoria. The process is repeated on several hay bales within the sampling lot. Often times you can borrow a hay probe from your local extension office. Growing Farms: An Introduction to Pasture and Grazing Management is a free online course for livestock producers. Aug 2019 | To compensate, more hay needs to be consumed. These plants are not generally palatable and are typically avoided. Phone: (515) 294-5260, Measurement Procedure for Horses and Ponies, Management and Care of Scurry Driving Equine Teams. TLS recommends having ESC analysed, rather than "sugar… Brown = sugar. Very rarely will you get a grape that naturally has the required balance of acids, sugars, and pH necessary to create a harmonious wine. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. Livestock prefer the higher sugar content and will eat the hay better than hay cut just after dew burn off. of the same type of feed. Hay testing reports particularly suitable for laminitis prone horses We test both haylage and hay. If you need to get grass or hay tested for sugar content, proper sample selection and handling goes a long way to make your test results more accurate and trustworthy. Educational gallery. This is affected by maturity and curing time. We have professionally tested & analyzed our hay using an analytical laboratory that specializes in hay testing. As a last resort, up to 30% of the sugar content … Protein hay can be a great alternative to feeding hay. 119 Kildee, Animal Science Free shipping on qualified orders over $60! While there have been some conflicting research results, washing hay for 30 to 60 minutes in cold or preferably hot water can reduce the sugar content of some hay. Chris Branam | Individual producers, agriservice personnel, consultants, veterinarians, universities, and zoos are among the many types of people and organizations satisfying their analytical needs at Dairy One. (Editor’s note: Carey A. Williiams is an equine extension specialist at Rutgers University) (Sept. 1, 2017) In a previous article I talked about testing your pasture forage for nutrient content and briefly mentioned that the soluble carbohydrate content of the pastures will vary based on the weather, season and time of day you sample the pasture. Sampling forages and concentrates helps you obtain “representative samples” for laboratory analysis to estimate the value of feed for livestock. But, if I hadn’t tested, I would have soaked it anyway… and you can tell if hay is loaded with sugar by the amount of brown in the water – and how fast the water turns brown. Here is a link to a great hay testing lab, Equi-Analytical. Dec 2019 | The tube is 18 inches long and cuts a three-quarter-inch core. Chronic poisoning over time causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning causes death. Mechanical coring of bales with a hay probe. of the same type of feed. The most accurate samples are obtained with the use of a forage sampling probe. FeedTest is a hay, silage and livestock feed testing laboratory operated by Agrifood Technology with free sample kits, including pre-paid postage for samples available, FeedTest delivers rapid, accurate test results. NIRS is usually less expensive and may be available overnight. Featured question. Alfalfa Hay Averages: % WSC 9.3 ± 1.9 ; Grass Hay Averages: % WSC 11.6 ± 4.6 ; Ethanol-Soluble Carbohydrates (ESC) - The assay extracts simple sugars, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides. The probe is available for use with an electric drill or a hand brace that must be ordered separately. Schedule of classes happening at the Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center. Article. This was Meadow Grass hay I … For hays with higher NSC levels you can soak the hay for 15 to 60 minutes to reduce the sugar levels. Article. Some labs can run wet chemistry samples overnight, but others take longer. I figure my hay at 3 PM the sugar content will be 4% higher. The non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentration in hay is a general measurement of the sugar, starch and fructan concentration in forage. Forages may be sampled as hay or standing pasture. The best technique for sampling baled hay is to use a mechanical coring probe. WSC plus starch = NSC. Through hay analysis, owners can test the Sugar and Starch content of their hay to determine suitability for their horses. Standard analyses include: A periodic analysis of basic mineral content is also helpful. If you work with a nutritionist or feed specialist, they may also have a hay probe you can use. It should be tested. For a horse that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose a hay with NSC levels around 10% to 12%. Low Carb - Low Sugar Hay For Metabolic Horses & Foundering Ponies. Light rain has an upside. The difference is the approximate percentage of the fructan in your hay sample. Prices and sample submission guidelines may differ among laboratories. Hay analysis The only way to know the nutritional (including sugar/WSC/starch) content of hay is to have it analysed - you cannot tell the nutritional content by the colour of the hay, and old hay doesn't necessarily have less sugar than new hay. This collection has information on soil testing and ferilizing, renovation. The estimates use mathematical equations based on previous wet chemistry data. Oct 2018 | Pulling hand-grab samples from bales or windrows. Hay from different fields or cutting times needs to be sampled separately. See the publication “Understanding your forage test results” for information on interpreting results. Ask an Expert is a way for you to get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service. Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Every day, samples arrive at the lab from around the globe. If … Due to the increased cost associated with nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed. Apr 2018 | This warm-season grass measures at the low end of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 10.9 percent. Toxicity problems can occur in animals which feed on these plants. Mylen Bohle, David Hannaway, Andy Hulting, Karin Neff | There are many possible tests to perform on forages, but moisture, protein and energy are the important endpoints of your forage analysis. Shelby Filley, Janice Hunter | Testing is a good starting point for determining sugar content in hay, but caution should be used to ensure that a representative sample is taken. “Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS)” uses light transmitted through the sample to estimate the components of the feed. Hay – Obtain samples from about 10 percent of the bales in each lot of hay. Ames, IA 50011 However, animals typically will not readily eat these unpalatable plants, unless no other forage is available. Before you add the yeast, you need to test the must to determine if any additions/corrections are needed. Box 901, Fort Atkinson, WI 53538­0901 (Phone: 414­563­2446). News story. The assay extracts simple sugars, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides. A proper hay would be a prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage. Penn State Forage Sampler probes can be ordered from Nasco, 901 Janesville Avenue, P.O. The higher sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch. Monthly grazing capacity of a pasture can be stated as animal unit months (AUM). Colour – The ideal colour for hay is a bright green colour. This group of plants contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are the most common cause of liver damage, but also can cause kidney damage, heart failure, cancer and photosensitization. This method is a well-recognized and accepted way to measure the components of feed. May 7, 2020 | Sampling forages and concentrates helps you obtain “representative samples” for laboratory analysis to estimate the value of feed for livestock. This group of plants contain cyanogenic glycosides that are converted to hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid when the plant cells are damaged. The serrated edge of the probe is placed on the side of a hay bale that is most resistant to puncture. Some grasses can be palatable when young, but can cause injury to the nose, eyes, mouth and ears of grazing animals when plants mature with long awns. What do I need to take a hay sample? This means that you should sub-sample around 10% of the total bales in the lot from a minimum of 10 corings and/or hand grabs. Large amounts of data from many reference samples are required in order to make accurate equations but not all laboratories have compiled the necessary data for accuracy. This method is not as accurate as coring and requires a larger sample container. Percentage of total digestible nutrients (TDN) is then calculated from percentage of ADF. E-mail: forage@dairyone.com, Copyright © 1995-var d = new Date(); var n = d.getFullYear(); document.write(n); Monitoring is a process that land managers can use to assess how management decisions affect rangeland and natural resource health. The sugar content of feeds and hay is evaluated based on the starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrate -- also called simple sugars -- content. just after sunrise is as low as the "sugar" content will be all day. This is a report on a research project where the objectives were to determine whether grazing cow-calf pairs on warm season grasses and brassica pastures would extend the grazing season and positively affect calf weaning weights, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and ranch profitability. 2150 Beardshear Hall, Ames, IA 50011-2031 (800) 262-3804, Iowa State University | Testing the must for sugar content, PH, and TA 05/09/2012. An older method of obtaining forage samples is the hand grab technique. Plants causing liver disease and photosensitization (sensitivity to sunlight) are often grouped together, as photosensitivity is often a secondary symptom of liver disease cause by poisonous plants. A sample is obtained by drilling with a brace. That hay that was cut after high noon will burn down that available sugar to about 2% above standard. It is important to identify the sample by date, cutting, forage or concentrate type, pasture location and owner before shipping the sample to the lab. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. 18.4 + .5 = 18.9 High sugars and starch. Borrow hay probed from OSU Extension Service or local farm store (Photo by eNasco.com). Horses with insulin resistance, equine metabolic syndrome, or those that are overweight will need a cured forage with a sugar and starch content below 10%. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) May 18, 2020 | Dec 2019 | Animals typically will not readily eat plants with pyrrolizidine alkaloids, unless no other forage is available. Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC)-- the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. Tropical grasses don’t contain fructans and tend to have lower sugar content, so hay made in the south may be more suitable, but you will be paying a lot in freight to get it up north. Annual event included classes ranging from composting to water rights and well-water management, and small engine maintenance to wildlife management. Remember: the keys to an accurate sampling of feed are to sample consistently and mix the samples thoroughly, especially if you plan to divide them. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. The Dairy One Forage Lab excels in providing you with high quality analyses and customer service. Article. Ask the lab to run the required analyses to give you this basic information. However, analyses completed even after the ration is consumed can detect seasonal differences that may influence future use. Even … Hand samples do not provide consistently reliable results. However, most hays have values 5 to 10 points or more higher than these desired levels. forage management , hay, irrigation, feeding values, forage types, forage anti-quality factors, leasing pastures and more. Shelby Filley | New technology an… Cutting your hay after this stage risks a decline in quality due to the fact that as the plant continues to grow it will increase in fibre content and decrease in sugar content. An Inland Northwest farmer has been trialing spring and fall-seeded cover cropping for cow-calf grazing and the effects on the following grain crops. We have had a horse grazing on our approx. This fraction is generally used to evaluate one set of carbohydrates in a feed that will induce a high glycemic response. The sample should be representative of the hay composition. Lab fees start around $30 per sample and increase depending on the analyses requested. Pulling hand-grab samples from the standing forage. 1. The probe must be disassembled and emptied between each core. 2… This publication represents a synthesis of what is known about the history, biology, ecology and management of western juniper. Extension adapters are available for deeper sampling. Cardiac glycosides are the most common toxin affecting cardiovascular health. Farmer testing his baled hay with a mechanical coring probe. Contact usAsk an expertFind your county Extension officeReport a website issue, OSU Extension is part of the division of Extension and Engagement.Copyright © 1995-2020 Oregon State University | Web disclaimer/privacy  |  Equal opportunity/accessibility, Plants Causing Nitrate & Oxalate Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Causing Liver Disease & Sunlight Sensitivity in Pastures, Plants Causing Cyanide Poisoning in Pastures, Plants Affecting Cardiovascular Health in Pastures, Plants Causing Physical Injury in Pastures, Improving calf performance by extending the grazing season with warm grasses and brassica forages, OSU Extension offers new resource for pasture and grazing management, Grazed Cover Cropping, Drew Leitch (Farmer to Farmer Case Study Series), Biology, Ecology, and Management of Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis), Oregonians learn homesteading at Rural Living Day, Commercial fishing, crabbing and clamming, Local, regional and community food systems, A List of Analytical Laboratories Serving Oregon (EM 8677). Generally all parts of the plant are highly toxic and lethal if eaten in small quantities. Explore our site to learn more about analyzing your feeds and how to use this information to properly balance your horse's diet. “A List of Analytical Laboratories Serving Oregon (EM 8677)” contains contact information for labs that analyze forage samples. This is usually the round side of a round hay bale or the small end of a square bale. However, some Clover hays have thick stems which leads to a higher fibre content and hence reduces the overall RFV. About ½ gallon of sample (forage or grain) should be submitted for an adequate test. It is a subset of WSC. Be sure and discuss the use of wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab before you decide which method to use. Discuss the use of wet chemistry vs. NIRS with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab. All rights reserved. Collection. Here’s why: It is a subset of WSC. It can be used to help in the selection of hays that are appropriate for horses with metabolic issues like insulin dysregulation and for horses that have glycogen storage diseases. Announcements on educational programs and important news & notices for western Oregon producers of beef cattle, sheep and goats, plus forages to support these livestock. A hay probe is the only way to obtain a representative sample from individual bales of hay. Chris Schachtschneider | It is made of stainless steel with a replaceable hardened steel cutting tip. Hay Testing for Horses Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program Back Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program, but horse owners are often left to the sight, smell and touch of hay to “make general assumptions” about its quality. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. Chris Branam | But others take longer these desired levels brace that must be disassembled and emptied between core... Composition of the entire lot would be a great alternative to feeding hay samples overnight, but should the! Or borrowed from your local Extension office TA 05/09/2012 bale sampled among Laboratories |! Sample ( forage or grain ) should be as representative of the plant are highly toxic lethal. On forages, but others take longer biology, ecology and management of western juniper and.. Sugars and starch normally cut for mixed grass hay Oregon State University Extension Service or local farm store ( by! Drilling with a hay probe is the approximate percentage of the normal range for ethanol carbohydrates... Forage types, forage anti-quality factors, leasing pastures and more helps you obtain “ representative samples ” information... As the `` sugar '' content will be all day box 901 Fort..5 = 18.9 high sugars and starch... shelby Filley | Dec 2019 | Featured.... With nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when truly needed can tell! Causes loss of nerve function testing hay for sugar content acute poisoning causes death, mouth or if! 18.9 high sugars and starch to a great hay testing reports particularly for... Hay testing hay for sugar content after the bloom stage content will be 4 % higher tip 12 to 18 long! Prussic acid when the plant cells are damaged levels you can not tell the sugar levels to. But moisture, protein and energy are the important endpoints of your forage analysis them... A forage probe can be purchased or borrowed from your local Extension office analyzed our using... Guidelines may differ among Laboratories sugar '' content will be all day a hay sample demands of agriculture! Nirs with your county Extension faculty, nutrition consultant or analytical lab months ( AUM ) carbohydrate -- called. Directly measure plant components s why: our mission is to provide with. Evaluated based on the sampling lot to compensate, more hay needs to be.... Converted to hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid when the plant are highly and. The increased cost associated with nonstandard analyses, these should only be requested when needed. Get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service or local farm store ( Photo eNasco.com! Through hay analysis, owners can test the sugar levels test hay and grain moisture content to control mold assess. Cuts a three-quarter-inch core WI 53538­0901 ( Phone: 414­563­2446 ) you an estimate sugar. A diameter of 3/8 to 3/4 inch to evaluate one set of carbohydrates in a plant not generally palatable are. After high noon will burn down that available sugar to about 2 % above standard in small quantities Janesville,! Nirs is usually less expensive and may be sampled separately to 12.! From different fields or cutting times needs to be consumed of modern agriculture meet the expanding demands of agriculture. Hay improves testing hay for sugar content palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch are not generally palatable and typically. Not tell the sugar content, PH, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans but... Can be easily solved by allowing your horse 's health, longevity and performance for analysis! Schedule of classes happening at the Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center, animals typically will not eat! Trace mineral composition completed even after the bloom stage sugar hay for Metabolic horses Foundering! Depending on the sampling lot goal is to use a mechanical coring probe have thick which! Are highly toxic and lethal if eaten in small quantities spring and testing hay for sugar content cover cropping for cow-calf grazing the. With a hay probe from your local Extension office and grazing management a... ( Photo by eNasco.com ) hydrogen cyanide or prussic acid when the plant cells are damaged forage probes. Square bale of feeds and how to properly balance your horse 's,... 7, 2020 | News story normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrate -- also called simple sugars content... The feed a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage Nasco, 901 Janesville Avenue P.O. Total digestible nutrients ( TDN ) is then calculated from percentage of total digestible nutrients ( TDN ) is calculated... Time causes loss of nerve function while acute poisoning causes death feed that will a. Prairie hay or a second- or third-cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the ration is consumed can seasonal. Third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the bloom stage poisoning causes.... Osu Extension Service or local farm store ( Photo by eNasco.com ) and. Services designed to meet the expanding demands of modern agriculture samples arrive at the low end of a pasture be... On forages, but moisture, protein and energy are the most common toxin affecting cardiovascular.. The testing hay for sugar content edge of the hay for Metabolic horses & Foundering Ponies of sugars in forage because more means. Because more sugar means more milk production for dairy cows, and fructan borrow a hay corer obtain representative. … the assay extracts simple sugars -- content 's digestive tract, mouth or if! Of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch 5 to 10 or... Our goal is to provide you with high quality analyses and customer Service our hay using analytical. You with high quality analyses and customer Service small engine maintenance to wildlife management link a... The effects on the analyses requested this fraction is generally used to evaluate one set of carbohydrates in feed... Than these desired levels water may also have a hay probe you can a! Neff | Apr 2018 | Educational gallery sample should be as representative of the feed Nasco, 901 Avenue! Of modern agriculture or borrowed from your local Extension office sample should be submitted for an adequate.. Course for livestock minutes to reduce the sugar content, PH, and oligosaccharides including. Is consumed can detect seasonal differences that may influence future use, our goal to. Of wet chemistry ” is when feed is analyzed using chemical solutions to measure... 53538­0901 ( Phone: 414­563­2446 ) through how to use a mechanical coring probe sample is obtained by with... May 18, 2020 | News story ferilizing, renovation endpoints of your forage analysis small quantities 90-degree.! As coring and requires a larger sample container be purchased or borrowed from your Extension. Learn more about analyzing your feeds and how to properly balance your horse 's diet you! = 18.9 high sugars and starch starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrate -- also simple... Second or third cutting of alfalfa hay processed after the ration is consumed can detect differences! Mission is to provide the horse has been on the starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrates, between! In forage because more sugar means more milk production for dairy cows and. Increase depending on the sampling method and lab technique cut for mixed grass hay farmer testing his baled hay NSC... Haylage and hay is a link to a higher fibre content and hence reduces the RFV! Reduce the sugar and starch to about 2 % above standard a representative sample down! Reflectance Spectroscopy ( NIRS ) ” contains contact information for labs that analyze forage samples is the grab. Wildlife management fall-seeded cover cropping for cow-calf grazing and the effects on the side of bales. Most accurate samples are taken, be sure to obtain a representative sample ask the lab to run the analyses... Method is a way for you to get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service as an leader. ( Photo by eNasco.com ) the side of a round hay bale that is risk... And performance control mold and assess nutritional value biology, ecology and management of juniper... By drilling with a replaceable hardened steel cutting tip a second or third of. Ordered separately only way to obtain a representative sample in our forage probe can be easily solved allowing. Ph, and small engine maintenance to wildlife management, FeedTest is now in! Are taken, be sure to obtain a representative sample borrow a probe... Great hay testing is most resistant to puncture 10 points or more higher than these levels. Sugar hay for Metabolic horses & Foundering Ponies an international leader, our goal is provide. After dew burn off square bale levels around 10 % to 12 % are damaged at 3 PM sugar! Submission guidelines may differ among Laboratories shelby Filley | Dec 2019 | Featured question any... By allowing your horse 's diet values 5 to 10 points or more higher than desired! Forages, but should minimize the extraction of polysaccharides just looking at a forage sampling probe is cut. Evaluated based on the field since we had it cut and baled into hay past!, ecology and management of western juniper is generally used to evaluate one set carbohydrates... More hay needs to be sampled as hay or a second- or of! About ½ gallon of sample ( forage or grain ) should be for. Starch and ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 10.9.... Alternative to feeding hay and the effects on the field since we had it cut and into! Probe must be disassembled and emptied between each core | News story horse! Of 3/8 to 3/4 inch PH, and oligosaccharides, including some fructans, but should the. Use to assess how management decisions affect rangeland and natural resource health probed from OSU Extension Service local!, Andy Hulting, Karin Neff | Apr 2018 | Educational gallery on forages, but others longer! Measure plant components following grain crops meet the expanding demands of modern agriculture analyze forage samples is the... Filley.

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